When you play heavy games or run 3D rendering softwares then your laptop gets heated up due to an increase in the temperature of CPU and GPU.
There is an optimum temperature of the CPU/GPU for operating without any problems. There is also a maximum temperature which when crossed can damage the CPU as well as the GPU.
In this article I will share the optimum and maximum temperature for CPUs and GPUs, what causes laptop CPUs and GPUs to overheat and some tips on keeping the temperature down.
- 1 What Is The Normal CPU/GPU Temperature While Gaming?
- 2 Temperature Tables For CPU and GPU
- 3 What Causes High Temperature During Gaming?
- 4 How To Reduce High Temperatures During Gaming
- 5 How To Monitor CPU/GPU Temperatures During Gaming
- 6 Conclusion
What Is The Normal CPU/GPU Temperature While Gaming?
The optimum CPU/GPU temperature for gaming is around 65 – 70 degrees Celsius or 149 – 158 degrees Fahrenheit. If your laptop gets to this temperature while gaming then it’s totally fine and you don’t have to worry.
If the temperature increases above this point and crosses the 85 degrees Celsius mark then there is a chance that your CPU and GPU can get overheated and you will observe Thermal Throttling. Also, there is a chance that your CPU/GPU can get damaged and even burnt. GPU Throttling can also occur due to high temperatures.
In some cases, your CPU and GPU may stop functioning and the laptop may shut down suddenly to prevent any damage to the internal components.
I have discussed about the optimum temperature but there is also a maximum temperature for the operation of CPU/GPU.
This maximum temperature for CPU and GPU can go up to 95 degrees Celsius or 203 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a theoretical temperature because if your CPU/GPU gets to that temperature then your CPU or GPU can get damaged.
The optimum and maximum temperature for CPUs and GPUs depends on the manufacturer. Here is a table that lists the temperature levels for common CPUs and GPUs.
Temperature Tables For CPU and GPU
I will now share the average temperatures for all Intel and AMD CPUs. Also, I will share the maximum temperatures for all Nvidia and AMD GPUs.
Optimum Temperatures for Intel Processors
|Intel Processor||Average temperature|
|Intel Pentium Pro||165.2°F - 186.8°F||74°C - 86°C|
|Intel Pentium II||147.2°F - 167°F||64°C - 75°C|
|Intel Pentium III||140°F - 185°F||60°C - 85°C|
|Intel Pentium 4||111°F - 149°F||44°C - 65°C|
|Intel Pentium Mobile||158°F - 185°F||70°C - 85°C|
|Intel Core 2 Duo||113°F - 131°F||70°C - 85°C|
|Intel Celeron||149°F - 185°F||65°C - 85°C|
|Intel Core i3||122°F - 140°F||50°C - 60°C|
|Intel Core i5||122°F - 145.4°F||50°C - 63°C|
|Intel Core i7||122°F - 150.8°F||50°C - 66°C|
|Intel Core i9||122°F - 156.2°F||50°C - 69°C|
Optimum Temperatures for AMD Processor
|AMD Processor||Average temperature|
|AMD A6||113°F - 134.6°F||45°C - 57°C|
|AMD A10||122°F - 140°F||50°C - 60°C|
|AMD Athlon||185°F - 203°F||85°C - 95°C|
|AMD Athlon 64||113°F - 140°F||45°C - 60°C|
|AMD Athlon 64 X2||113°F - 131°F||45°C - 55°C|
|AMD Athlon 64 Mobile||176°F - 194°F||80°C - 90°C|
|AMD Athlon FX||113°F - 140°F||45°C - 60°C|
|AMD Athlon II X4||122°F - 140°F||50°C - 60°C|
|AMD Athlon MP||185°F - 203°F||85°C - 95°C|
|AMD Athlon XP||176°F - 194°F||80°C - 90°C|
|AMD Duron||185°F - 203°F||85°C - 95°C|
|AMD K5||140°F - 158°F||60°C - 70°C|
|AMD K6||140°F - 158°F||60°C - 70°C|
|AMD K6 Mobile||167°F - 185°F||75°C - 85°C|
|AMD K7 Thunderbird||158°F - 203°F||70°C - 95°C|
|AMD Opteron||149°F - 159.8°F||65°C - 71°C|
|AMD Phenom II X6||113°F - 131°F||45°C - 55°C|
|AMD Phenom X3||122°F - 140°F||50°C - 60°C|
|AMD Phenom X4||122°F - 140°F||50°C - 60°C|
|AMD Sempron||185°F - 203°F||85°C - 95°C|
Maximum Optimum Temperatures for Nvidia GPUs
|NVIDIA GPU||Maximum Temperature|
|RTX 2080 Ti||192.2°F||89°C|
|Titan X (Pascal, 2016)||201.2°F||94°C|
|GTX 1080 Ti||195.8°F||91°C|
|GTX 1080, GTX 1070 Ti, and GTX 1070||201.2°F||94°C|
|GTX Titan X (Maxwell, 2015)||201.2°F||94°C|
|GTX 980 Ti||195.8°F||91°C|
|GTX 1060 6GB and GTX 1060 3GB||201.2°F||94°C|
|GTX 780 Ti and GTX 780||203°F||95°C|
|GTX 1050 Ti and both GTX 1050 (3GB and 2GB)||206.6°F||97 °C|
|GTX 760, GTX 660, and GTX 660 Ti||206.6°F||97°C|
|GTX 480 and GTX 570||206.6°F||97°C|
|GTX 750 Ti||203°F||95°C|
|GTX 560 Ti||210.2°F||99°C|
|GTX 560 Ti (448 Cores Limited Edition)||206.6°F||97°C|
|GTX 650 Ti||221°F||105°C|
|GT 740 and GT 740 (DDR5)||208.4°F||98°C|
|GTX 550 Ti||212°F||100°C|
|GT 640 (DDR5)||203°F||95°C|
|GT 730 (DDR3, 128-bit), GT 730 (DDR3, 64-bit), and GT 730 (DDR5)||208.4°F||98°C|
Maximum Optimum Temperatures for AMD GPUs
|AMD GPU||Maximum Temperature|
|RX Vega 64||185°F||85°C|
|RX Vega 56||167°F||75°C|
|R9 Fury X||149°F||65°C|
|RX 480 (4GB and 8GB)||176°F||80°C|
|R9 Fury Nano||163.4°F||73°C|
|RX 560 4GB||143.6°F||62°C|
|R9 280X (XFX)||158°F||70°C|
|Vega 11 (R5 2400G integrated)||134.6°F||57°C|
|Vega 8 (R3 2200G integrated)||129.2°F||54°C|
What Causes High Temperature During Gaming?
There are six main causes of high temperatures during gaming.
If your laptop doesn’t have a good cooling system then your laptop will overheat while gaming.
A bad cooling system cannot remove the excess heat produced during gaming sessions. This excess heat which cannot escape stays inside the laptop and increases the temperature of the CPU and GPU.
If your cooling fan is faulty then it cannot get rid of the hot air which will increase the overall temperature of the laptop.
Dust and Dirt
Dust and dirt usually stick to the hot air vents of the laptop and the cooling fan. This dust and dirt blocks the hot air vents and doesn’t allow the hot air to escape.
Also, these dust and dirt particles cling to the surface of the cooling fan and reduce the fan’s speed of rotation. This increases the amount of trapped hot air.
As the quantity of trapped hot air increases the overall temperature of the laptop also increases.
Manufacturers and Manufacturing Defect
Some laptop manufacturers use a particular CPU and GPU combination that gets heated up a lot while gaming. Example – Nvidia GeForce MX250 in Lenovo Yoga S740 heats up a lost because the CPU and GPU combination along with the cooling system isn’t great.
If there is a manufacturing defect in the cooling system, fans, heat sink then also your temperature of the laptop will be high.
Surface On Which You Place Your Laptop
If you place your laptop on pillows, blankets or on your bed then your laptop will get heated up faster because these surfaces tend to block the hot air vents and therefore the hot air cannot escape out of the laptop. This hot air then increases the temperature of the laptop.
You should always place your laptop on hard level surfaces.
Overclocking the CPU/GPU
Overclocking means increasing the clock speeds at which the CPU/GPU operates. If you overclock your CPU/GPU then they will consume more power and produce more heat.
If your cooling system isn’t good enough then the excess heat generated by the overclocked CPU/GPU will heat up your laptop much faster than before and this will increase the temperature of the laptop.
High Room Temperature
If the room temperature is high then the overall temperature of the laptop will also be high. The ideal room temperature for operating a laptop is around 25-37 degrees Celsius.
How To Reduce High Temperatures During Gaming
You can reduce high laptop temperatures during gaming by the following ways.
Cleaning Air Vents and Cooling Fans
You should remove the dust from the air vents and cooling fans by blowing dry air using a Blow Dryer. You can then clean the dirt from the air vents and fans by cleaning it with a soft cloth.
Applying thermal paste can decrease the overall temperature of the laptop. Thermal paste removes the air gap between the heat source and heat sink. This trapped air is the reason for heating your CPU and GPU.
The thermal paste eliminates the presence of any trapped air by blocking that air gap so this cannot heat the CPU or the GPU.
Placing your laptop over a cooling pad can reduce the temperature of your laptop. Cooling pads have integrated fans that suck the cool air from underneath and blows it on your laptop. This reduces the temperature of your laptop.
Undervolting your CPU/GPU
Undervolting is a process that reduces the operating voltage of the CPU/GPU and decreases power consumption. As power consumed by the CPU/GPU is less therefore the heat produced and the overall temperature will also be less.
Replace Faulty Laptop
If there is a manufacturing defect in your laptop then you should immediately replace the faulty product and ask for a new one as replacement.
How To Monitor CPU/GPU Temperatures During Gaming
You can monitor the temperatures of the CPU and GPU using Utility Softwares. These utility softwares are compatible with Intel and AMD Ryzen CPUs and Nvidia as well as AMD GPUs.
Here is a list of some well known Utility softwares to monitor the CPU/GPU temperatures.
Intel Extreme Tuning Utility
The Extreme Tuning Utility from Intel monitors the temperatures of your Intel CPU. This utility software can also be used to overclock your Intel CPU.
This utility software has an easy to use interface which is a perfect fit for both novices as well as pro gamers and overclocking enthusiasts.
The Intel Utility Software doesn’t support old Intel processors like the Pentium and Celeron series. It supports all new Intel processors.
Download Link – Intel Extreme Tuning Utility
The Ryzen master is a utility software developed by AMD in order to monitor the temperatures and clock speeds of the AMD processors.
You can also overclock your AMD CPU using the Ryzen Master. You can create custom profiles for your overclocking experiments and easily monitor the changes in temperature that occur with the change in clock speed.
You have full control on how you want to overclock with the Ryzen Master.
Download Link – Ryzen Master
The MSI AfterBurner is a great utility software to monitor the temperature, voltage and clock frequencies of your GPU. You can also overclock any GPU using this utility software.
MSI AfterBurner is compatible with all graphics card brands which includes the well known Nvidia and AMD GPUs.
The user interface is very easy to use. This is one of the most popular Overclocking Software so there are a lot of informational videos on YouTube about overclocking GPUs with MSI AfterBurner.
Download Link – MSI AfterBurner
Nvidia Control Panel
Nvidia Control Panel is already included with laptops having an Nvidia graphics card. You can monitor the temperatures and voltages of the Nvidia GPU using the Nvidia Control Panel.
You can also update your drivers, change graphic settings and create custom profiles to save the settings you just created.
Gaming and other heavy tasks increase the temperature of your computer. You should always try and keep the temperature of the CPU and GPU below 80 degrees Celsius to prevent overheating, thermal throttling and any other drastic damage to the laptop CPU and GPU.
High temperatures can also reduce your battery life because the CPU and GPU will consume more power from the battery.